Employment and Earnings

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Economy Adds More Jobs for Women Than Men, But Women Still 8 Million Jobs-on-Payroll Below February and Majority of All Who Lost Jobs

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Holding Up Half the Sky: Mothers as Workers, Primary Caregivers, & Breadwinners During COVID-19

In the United States, women now make up more than 50 percent of the workforce, reflecting growth in health care, education, and service sectors over the last decade. The decline of the wages and real earnings of all workers over time coupled with the rise in cost of living expenses, such as housing, means that the income and earnings of women are critical to the overall economic security and wellbeing of families.

Women Gain Disproportionately Fewer Jobs in May, and Face Disproportionately Higher Job Losses since February

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Dramatic Decline in Employment Hits Women Even More Severely than Men

In the four weeks since mid-March, 20.5 million jobs were lost, according to new payroll data released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics this Friday, May 8. Women bore the majority of job losses, 11.3 million (55 percent of the total), compared with 9.2 million jobs lost by men

By |2020-07-25T20:02:54+00:00May 8, 2020|Employment and Earnings, Quick Figure|Comments Off on Dramatic Decline in Employment Hits Women Even More Severely than Men

Women Lost More Jobs than Men in almost all Sectors of the Economy

Employment data released on Friday, April 3 show dramatic job losses and sharp rises in unemployment for both women and men since February. Altogether 701,000 jobs were lost, the majority (58.8 percent or 412,188) by women. While these estimates of job losses are already outdated – since their collection in the second week of March new applications for unemployment reached almost ten times that level–they point to the critical role of gender in understanding the impact of the COVID -19 crisis.

By |2020-07-25T20:06:38+00:00April 6, 2020|Employment and Earnings, Quick Figure|Comments Off on Women Lost More Jobs than Men in almost all Sectors of the Economy

The Gender Wage Gap by Occupation 2019

Women’s median earnings are lower than men’s in nearly all occupations, whether they work in occupations predominantly done by women, occupations predominantly done by men, or occupations with a more even mix of men and women. Data for both women’s and men’s median weekly earnings for full-time work are available for 125 occupations.

By |2020-07-25T20:04:37+00:00March 24, 2020|Employment and Earnings, Fact Sheet|Comments Off on The Gender Wage Gap by Occupation 2019

The Gender Wage Gap: 2019 Earnings Differences by Race and Ethnicity

The gender wage gap in weekly earnings for full-time workers in the United States narrowed marginally between 2018 and 2019. In 2019, the ratio of women’s to men’s median weekly full-time earnings was 81.5 percent, an increase of 0.4 percent since 2018, when the ratio was 81.1 percent, leaving a wage gap of 18.5 percent, compared with 18.9 percent in 2018.

By |2020-07-25T20:05:44+00:00March 10, 2020|Employment and Earnings, Fact Sheet|Comments Off on The Gender Wage Gap: 2019 Earnings Differences by Race and Ethnicity

Women-Owned Businesses Have Increased in Number, but Still Face Obstacles to Growth

Women have made considerable progress in increasing their representation among business owners in recent years. The number of women-owned businesses increased in almost every industry between 2002 and 2012, at rates higher than those of men-owned businesses.

By |2020-07-26T17:12:18+00:00February 19, 2020|Briefing Paper, Employment and Earnings|Comments Off on Women-Owned Businesses Have Increased in Number, but Still Face Obstacles to Growth

Geographic Mobility, Gender, and the Future of Work

Geographically, economic opportunity is unequally distributed across the United States. A disproportionate share of all private-sector jobs—one in five—are located in just four metropolitan areas: New York, San Francisco, Chicago, and Seattle.

By |2020-07-26T17:21:16+00:00December 19, 2019|Employment and Earnings, Report|Comments Off on Geographic Mobility, Gender, and the Future of Work

Gender Inequality, Work Hours, and the Future of Work

Gender differences in paid and unpaid time at work are an important aspect of gender inequality. Women tend to spend more time on unpaid household and family care work, and men spend more time in paid work. This unequal distribution of time creates barriers to women’s advancement at work and reduces women’s economic security.

By |2020-07-26T17:47:55+00:00November 14, 2019|Employment and Earnings, Report|Comments Off on Gender Inequality, Work Hours, and the Future of Work